Border Area Development Office

     Introduction: Before partition of India, the people living in extreme border areas had a very prosperous economy as their products found ready markets in the adjoining areas of the country the then East Pakistan now known as Bangladesh. After partition of the country in 1947, these markets were abruptly sealed and the economy of these people was completely shattered. With a view to ameliorate the suffering of the people, the Government had taken up various integrated schemes under the Border Areas Development Programme which has been included as the district item in the State Five Year Plan since the Fourth Year Plan period with an approved outlay of Rs. 50.00 (L) only. For this purpose the Border Areas have been defined and demarcated as a territory to the distance of 10 Kms belt in the State from the International border with Bangladesh. While demarcating the Border Areas of the state the following criteria were taken into account.
(a) Distance from the International boundary with Bangladesh                                                   (Approximately 10 Kms as the crow fly distance.)
(b) Degree of economic backwardness

  • Dependence upon the traditional trade relations with the country now known as the Bangladesh.

    Border Villages: A Master List of Border Villages was prepared by the Government for implementation of Integrated Schemes under the Border Areas Development Programme in 1974 and had been revised in 1982 and in 1992. As of now, there are 1523 villages falling in the Border Areas which covers an area of 4890 Sq. Kms running literally about 443 Kms from Dona Malidor areas in Jaintia Hills to Mahendraganj-Kalaichar in South West Garo Hills District.

The District –Wise break-up in respect of number of villages and length of area is indicated below.

Sl. No.

Name of the District

No of villages

Length of International border

1.

Jaintia Hills

139 villages

107 Kms

2.

East Khasi Hills

427 villages

101 Kms

3.

West Khasi Hills

218 villages

43 Kms

4.

South Garo Hills

367 villages

78 Kms

5.

West Garo Hills

162 villages

35 Kms

6

South West Garo Hills

210 Villages

45 Km

Total    :                1523 villages                    443 Kms.

Creation of the Department: In 1973, the Department of Border Areas Development was created with a view to look after exclusively the implementation of various integrated schemes and developmental activities under the Border Areas Development Programme coordinating with the different development departments under these Programmes especially relevant to the border areas of the State. The Directorate of Border Areas Development was established in 1975 to gear up the organizational set up with full-pledged Director, and a skeleton staff and the District level officers, namely the Border Areas Development Officers who have been appointed and posted at various headquarters/blocks in the Border Areas of the State to look after the needs for requirements of the people living under their respective jurisdiction.

Sl. No.

Name of Asstt. Director/BADO

No of villages

Population as per 2001 census

Name of the District

1

Asstt. Director/ BADO, Jowai

No Specific area/villages

- Nil -

Jaintia Hills

2

BADO, Dawki

80

32,130

Jaintia Hills

3

BADO, Khleiriat

59

20,881

Jaintia Hills

4

Asstt. Director/ BADO Shillong

37

14,186

East Khasi Hills

5

BADO, Sohra

122

28,366

East Khasi Hills

6

BADO, Pynursla

120

46,793

East Khasi Hills

7

BADO, Mawsynram

141

37,187

East Khasi Hills

8

BADO, Baghmara

205

44,367

South Garo Hills

9

BADO, Gasuapara

159

29,137

South Garo Hills

10

Asstt. Director/ BADO, Tura

No specific areas/villages

- Nil -

West Garo Hills

11

BADO, Dalu

167

47,242

West Garo Hills

12

BADO, Ampati

86

29,610

South West Garo Hills

13

BADO, Kalaichar

122

48,363

South West Garo Hills

14

BADO, Ranikor

218

50,088

West Khasi Hills

Total

1523

4,28,350

 

            These 1523 villages were divided into 14-16 areas under the charge of one Border Areas Development Officer, each for the administrative convenience and for the purpose of implementation of schemes etc as below.

Implementation of Schemes: The Border Areas Development Department is implementing the state schemes and also the Special Central Assistance (BADP) which is 100% funded sanction by the Central government. Schemes of the Special Central Assistance (BADP) are being implemented by the local committees formed by the concerned villages with the technical guidance/ supervision from the department for (1) Generating employment opportunity amongst the local people of the area (2) better quality and early completion except those schemes which are highly technical in nature where implementation has to be done through technical guidance only.

The schemes under the Programme are being selected as per guidelines issued by the Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Border Management, New Delhi and approved by the District Level Coordination Selection Committee (DLCSC) headed by the Deputy Commissioner as the Chairman for the District Level Schemes and for the State Level Schemes approved by the State Level Screening Committee (SLSC) headed by the Chief Secretary as Chairman, Government of Meghalaya.

Sources of funding: Special Central Assistance (SCA), Border Areas Development Programme (BADP) under Ministry of Home Affairs, Border Management.1.Special Central Assistance (SCA) 2. The Schemes under Article 275 (I) of the Constitution. 3.The    land Acquisition and construction of Departmental Building funded by State Government. 4. Providing Border Scholarships to border students funded by the State    Government. 5. Construction of Rural Roads in the border areas by State Government. 6. Special Developmental Programmes for areas bordering Assam, new initiative of the Government.7. Special Plan Assistance SPA.

The fund received under the programme during the last 7 - 8 (seven – eight) years for West Garo Hills and South West Garo Hills District are as follows:

                        Under Special Central Assistance (BADP) ( Both District & State Level)

2005 - 2006 -   Rs. 1, 00, 76,000/- (Rupees One Crore and Seventy Six Thousand) only.                2006 – 2007 -  Rs. 1,00,73,000 /- (Rupees one Crore and seventy three thousand)  only.
Under District Level Scheme
2005 -  2006 - Rs.  3,69,000/- ( Rupees three Lakhs sixty nine thousand) only
2006 – 2007 - Rs. 14, 71,600/- (Rupees fourteen Lakhs seventy one thousand and six                                                                       hundred) only. 
2007 – 2008 – Rs. 45, 95,000.00  (Rupees Forty Five Lakhs Ninety Five Thousand) only
2008 – 2009 – Rs. 45, 95,000.00  (Rupees Forty Five Lakhs Ninety Five Thousand) only
2009 – 2010 -  Rs.45, 95,000.00  (Rupees Forty Five Lakhs Ninety Five Thousand) only
2010 – 2011 -  Rs.45, 95,000.00  (Rupees Forty Five Lakhs Ninety Five Thousand) only
2011 - 2012  -  Rs.45, 95,000.00  (Rupees Forty Five Lakhs Ninety Five Thousand) only
2012 – 2013 – Rs. 79, 38,000.00 (Rupees Seventy nine thirty eight thousand) only           
2013 – 2014 – Rs. 79, 30,000.00 (Rupees Seventy nine thirty thousand) only

The overall projects/schemes (both physically and financially) from the year 2005 - 06 has been completed till 2012 – 2013 has been completed successfully and most of the projects are in operation. The Fund for the approved schemes of both DLCSC and SLSC 2013 -2014 has not been received till compilation of this report. The approved sanctioned schemes are targeted for commencement of project implementation by the end of 2013.
Schemes Proposed for the year 2007 -2008 under Special Central Assistance (BADP) (District Level Schemes)
The schemes for the year 2007-08 has been Proposed and approved by the District Level Coordination and Selection Committee headed by the Deputy Commissioner, West Garo Hills, Tura as chairman for an amount of Rs. 67.89 (L) (Rupees sixty seven lakhs and eighty nine thousand) only for the West Garo Hills District viz Dalu. Ampati and Kalaichar.

BRIEF NOTE.

Implementation of Schemes: The Border Areas Development Department is implementing the schemes under the Special Central Assistance (BADP) which is 100% funded sanction by the Central Government Ministry of Home Affairs (Border Management). The Schemes are being implemented by the local committees formed by the concerned villages with the technical guidance / supervision from the department for (1) Generating employment opportunity amongst the local people of the area (2) better quality and early completion except those schemes which are highly technical in nature where implementation has to be done through technical guidance only.
The Schemes under the Programme are being selected as per Guidelines            issued by the Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Border Management, New Delhi and approved by the District Level Coordination Selection Committee headed by the Deputy Commissioner as the chairman for the District Level Schemes and for the State Level Schemes approved by the State Level Screening Committee headed by the Chief Secretary as Chairman Government of Meghalaya.
The fund received under the programme during the last 2 (two) years for West Garo Hills are as follows:

Under Special Central Assistance (BADP) (Both District & State Level Schmes)

  • (2007- 08) - Rs.  175, 09,000/-
  • (2008- 09) - Rs.  247,35,000/-
  • (2009- 10) - Rs.  226,38,000/-

The projects/schemes for the year 2007-08 has been completed and the Fund for 2008-09 has been received and release to BADOs on 21.5.09 and almost all the schemes are in progress and completed more than 50%.
The Schemes for 2009-10 has been approved by the State Level Screening Committee on 21.8.09.

 

Office of the Border Area Development Officer